America

On the following pages you will find information about the regions in America that we differentiate between when it comes to giving health advice.

Whether you are looking for advice on one specific country in one of these regions, or for a combination of countries that you’ll be visiting on your journey, you are always welcome to drop by for an intake interview.

North America

The health risks on this page pertain to the following North American countries: Canada, The United States and Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

Food and water

The likelihood of running up a food poisoning infection, including hepatitis A, is small.

Insect-borne diseases

No particular risks, except for diseases transmitted by ticks, mainly in heavily wooded areas.

Direct contact

No particular risks.

Blood and sexual contact

You can contract sexually transmitted diseases here, including hepatitis B and HIV infections, but not on a large scale.

Animals

Wild animals can be infected by rabies.

Fresh surface water

Minor and local risk of leptospirosis.

Prevention

If you’d prefer tailored advice make an appointment at a Travel Clinic from KLM Health Services.

Central America

The health risks on this page pertain to the following Central American countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua and Panama.

Food and water

The likelihood of running up a food poisoning infection depends to a very large extent on the local circumstances. The same applies to hepatitis A. For longer stays there is a risk of contracting typhoid fever.

Insect-borne diseases

You can catch malaria in many central American countries; the further south you go the greater the risk. In many countries dengue periodically causes large epidemics. You will only encounter yellow fever in the south of Panama.

Direct contact

Tuberculosis is still endemic to this region.

Animals

Many animals, including pets, are infected with rabies.

Fresh surface water

A fluctuating risk of leptospirosis, which can be contracted though contact with infected water (swimming, diving, rafting, etc.).

Prevention

If you’d prefer tailored advice make an appointment at a Travel Clinic from KLM Health Services.

South America (temperate)

The health risks on this page pertain to the following countries: Argentina, Chile, Easter Islands, Falkland Islands, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands and Uruguay.

Food and water

The likelihood of running up a food poisoning infection depends to a very large extent on the local circumstances. This also applies for hepatitis A. For longer stays there is a risk of contracting typhoid fever.

Insect-borne diseases

You can only catch malaria and yellow fever in a few regions here. Dengue is possible and it sometimes causes large epidemics.

Direct contact

Tuberculosis is still endemic to this region.

Animals

Many animals, both wild and domesticated, are infected with rabies. For longer stays, or in cases of specific exposure, vaccination can be a sensible option.

Fresh surface water

A fluctuating risk of leptospirosis, which can be contracted though contact with infected water (swimming, diving, rafting, etc.).

Prevention

If you’d prefer tailored advice make an appointment at a Travel Clinic from KLM Health Services.

South America (tropical)

The health risks on this page pertain to the following (tropical) South American countries: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela.

Food and water

The likelihood of running up a food poisoning infection depends to a very large extent on the local circumstances. The same applies for hepatitis A. For longer stays there is also a risk of contracting typhoid fever.

Insect-borne diseases

Malaria is endemic to the whole Amazon Basin. The risks are particularly great for journeys to the tropical rainforest (the interior). The same applies for yellow fever. In many countries dengue occasionally causes large-scale epidemics.

Direct contact

Tuberculosis is still endemic to this region.

Animals

Many animals, both wild and domesticated, are infected with rabies.

Fresh surface water

There is a fluctuating risk of leptospirosis. In tropical South America there is also a local risk of schistosomiasis (bilharzia). These diseases can be contracted through contact with infected water (swimming, diving, rafting, etc.).

Prevention

If you’d prefer tailored advice make an appointment at a Travel Clinic from KLM Health Services.